Author’s Guideline

Guidelines for Authors

Manuscript File Formats
Please submit your manuscriptin MS Word (.docxor.doc) file format according to the guidelines given below. The number of pages is at the discretion of authors.  When preparing your paper for publication, we strongly advise that you pay particular attention to your research methods, key results, discussion and language. To ensure rapid review and publication, please adhere to these guidelines.

Given that the manuscript must be written in English, authors who are not native speakers are advised to seek assistance in order to ensure its accuracy and improve the language quality. The publisher can also provide copy editing service on payment.

Title page.
This should contain

 A concise and informative title (as short as possible).
 A list of authors’ names with names and full addresses of institutions.
 A running headline of not more than 45 characters.

This is called the Abstract on the web submission site. The Summary must not exceed 350 words and should list the main results and conclusions, using simple, factual, numbered statements. The final point of summary must emphasize the key findings of the work and its general significance, indicating clearly how this study has advanced.

Key-words: A minimum of 5 keywords must be included below the abstract.
Explain the reasons for carrying out the work outline the essential background and clearly state the nature of the hypothesis or hypotheses under consideration.

Materials and methods
Provide sufficient details of the techniques employed to enable the work to be repeated. Do not describe or refer to commonplace statistical tests in this section but allude to them briefly in Results.

State the results and draw attention in the text to important details shown in tables and figures.

Discussion and Conclusion
Point out the significance of the results in relation to the reasons for doing the work, and place them in the context of other work.

Give references appropriately.

References must be listed in the numerical system (Vancouver). All references should be numbered sequentially [in square brackets] in the text and listed in the same numerical order in the reference section. The reference numbers must be finalized and the bibliography must be fully formatted before submission.

Journal titles are abbreviated (to decipher abbreviations see: PubMed Journals Database).

  • Only first words of article title and words that normally begin with a capital letter are capitalised.
  • First 6 authors are listed; thereafter add an et al. after the sixth author.
  • If the journal has continuous page numbering, you may omit month/issue number.

See below few examples of references listed in the correct Vancouver style:
[1] Smith SD, Jones, AD. Organ donation. N Engl J Med 2001; 657: 230-5.
[2] Brown JG. Asphyxiation. Med J Aust 2003; 432:120-4.

Chapter Reference
[3] Blaxter PS, Farnsworth TP. Social health and class inequalities. In: Carter C, Peel JR, editors. Equalities and inequalities in health. 2nd ed. London: Academic Press 1976; p. 165-78.
Book Reference
[4] Carlson BM. Human embryology and developmental biology. 3rd ed. St. Louis: Mosby; 2004.
Edited Book
[5] Brown AM, Stubbs DW, Eds. Medical physiology. New York: Wiley 1983.
Conference Paper and Proceedings
[6] Anderson JC. Current status of chorionvillus biopsy. In: Tudenhope D, Chenoweth J, editors. Proceedings of the 4th Congress of the Australian Perinatal Society; 1986: Brisbane, Queensland: Australian Perinatal Society; 1987: p. 190-6.
[7] Harris AH, editor. Economics and health: 1997: Proceedings of the 19th Australian Conference of Health Economists; 1997: Sep 13-14; Sydney, Australia. Kensington, N.S.W.: School of Health Services Management, University of New South Wales; 1998.
Journal Article on the Internet
[8] Aylin P, Bottle A, Jarman B, Elliott, P. Paediatric cardiac surgical mortality in England after Bristol: descriptive analysis of hospital episode statistics 1991-2002. BMJ [serial on the Internet]. 2004 Oct 9;[cited 2004 October 15]; 329:[about 10 screens]. Available from:
Book/Monograph on the Internet
[9] Donaldson MS, editor. Measuring the quality of health care [monograph on the internet]. Washington: National Academy Press; 1999 [cited 2004 Oct 8]: Available from:
Web site/Homepage
[10] Heart Centre Online [homepage on the Internet]. Boca Raton, FL: Heart Centre Online, Inc.; c2000-2004 [updated 2004 May 23; cited 2004 Oct 15]: Available from:

Journal with Part/Supplement
If a journal carries continuous pagination throughout the volume, then the issue number can be omitted.
Issue with Supplement
[11] Gupta AK. The management of actinic keratoses in the United States with topical fluorouracil: a pharmacoeconomic evaluation. Cutis 2002; 70(2 Suppl): 30-6.

Volume with Part
[12] Abend SM, Kulish N. The psychoanalytic method from an epistemological viewpoint.Int J Psychoanal 2002; 83(Pt 2): 491-5.
Issue with Part
[13] Ahrar K, Madoff DC, Gupta S, Wallace MJ, Price RE, Wright KC. Development of a large animal model for lung tumors. J VascIntervRadiol 2002; 13(9 Pt 1): 923-8.
[14] Pagedas AC, inventor; Ancel Surgical R&D Inc., assignee. Flexible endoscopic grasping and cutting device and positioning tool assembly. United States patent US 20020103498. 2002 Aug.
[15] Citations for articles/material published exclusively online or in open access (free-to-view), must contain the exact Web addresses (URLs) at the end of the reference(s), except those posted on an author’s Web site unless editorially essential, e.g. ‘Reference: Available from: URL’.

Some important points to remember:

  • All references must be complete and accurate.
  • If the number of authors exceeds six then et al. will be used after three names (the term “et al.” should be in italics).
  • Online citations should include the date of access.
  • Journal abbreviations should follow the Index Medicus/MEDLINE.
  • Take special care of the punctuation convention as described in the above-mentioned examples.
  • Avoid using superscript in the in-text citations and reference section.
  • Abstracts, unpublished data and personal communications (which can only be included if prior permission has been obtained) should not be given in the reference section but they may be mentioned in the text and details provided as footnotes.
  • The authors are encouraged to use a recent version of Endnote (version 5 and above) or Reference Manager (version 10) when formatting their reference list, as this allows references to be automatically extracted.


  • Anything apart from text i.e. tables, graphs, pictures etc should be referred to as Figure(s) and ought to be numbered in order of reference. Hence the illustration has to be included separately rather than with the text.
  • Make sure that anything on the illustration is readable even when it is reduced to a width of 75mm (Single column figure) or 160mm (double column figure)
  • The illustrations should be provided in camera-ready form, so that they may be reduced or reproduced without re-touching.
  • In case you are including photographs, the original has to be submitted since its photocopies are not acceptable. The photograph must have a scale on it so that they can easily be reproduced in black and white or coloured form. Of course the cost would increase in case of coloured photographs.
  • The figure has to be clear especially if it’s a graph. Hence it is advised to avoid shading and use black ink. Also make sure you print on a clear white page.
  • The figures must have a caption that is to be provided on a separate sheet. The illustration should be have the author’s name on its back and is supposed to be clearly marked.

Proofs will be sent to the author (first named author if no corresponding author is identified of multi –authored papers) and should be returned within 48 hours of receipt. Corrections should be restricted to typesetting errors: any others may be charged to the author .Any queries should be answered in full. Please note that authors are urged to check their proofs carefully before return. Since the inclusion of late corrections cannot be guaranteed.

Peer Review Policy
The submitted manuscripts will be approval by the editor. After being examined by the editor it shall be forwarded to two referees for a blind review.

Copy Right ©
Submission of an article is understood to imply that the article is original and is not being considered for publication elsewhere. Upon acceptance of the article by the journal, the author(s) will be asked to transfer the copyright of the article to the publisher. This transfer will ensure the widest possible dissemination of information.